Social Housing and Health in Manitoba IJPDS (2017) Issue 1, Vol 1:354 Proceedings of the IPDLN Conference (August 2016)

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Mark Smith
Greg Finlayson
Patricia Martens
Jim Dunn
Heather Prior
Carole Taylor
Ruth-Ann Soodeen
Aynslie Hinds
Charles Burchill
Wendy Guenette



Fourteen years of social housing data (1995-2008) were acquired from the provincial government. This allowed for an unprecedented opportunity to describe the population of individuals living in social housing and, through data linkage, to compare them to the rest of the province on a number of health and social indicators.

Using data from the entire population of the province of Manitoba, Canada, cross-sectional comparison were made between those living in social housing and those not on 19 indicators of morbidity, mortality, health care utilization and social development. Regression models were developed to control for age, sex, region of residence, comorbidities, income and neighborhood level SES.

50% of the population in social housing are under the age 20, 75% are female and 50% of applicants receive some form of income assistance. As expected there are significant differences on most health status measures when compared to individuals not in social housing. However, after controlling for confounding factors most differences between the two groups disappear indicating that there is no independent effect of living in social housing. A few exceptions were noted on measures of total respiratory morbidity, mammography and high school completion rates, the later showing a very significant interaction with neighborhood level SES.

Despite overall poor health status, after controlling for income and other confounding factors individuals in social housing score no worse on many measures of health care utilization and prevention. High school completion rates, in particular, showed a very strong interaction with neighborhood level SES. Policy implications of this research are discussed.

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How to Cite
Smith, M., Finlayson, G., Martens, P., Dunn, J., Prior, H., Taylor, C., Soodeen, R.-A., Hinds, A., Burchill, C. and Guenette, W. (2017) “Social Housing and Health in Manitoba: IJPDS (2017) Issue 1, Vol 1:354 Proceedings of the IPDLN Conference (August 2016)”, International Journal of Population Data Science, 1(1). doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v1i1.376.

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