Antibiotic Dispensing Before and After Primary and Revision Total Hip Replacement: An Australian Orthopaedic Association National Joint Replacement Registry Linkage Study
Main Article Content
Infection is a major complication following joint replacement (JR) surgery. However, little data exist on baseline use of antibiotics following primary JR and how use changes with subsequent revision surgery.
Objectives & Approach
Our study objectives were to describe community use of antibiotics before and after primary total hip replacement (THR) and change in use pre and post revision procedure.
Registry data were linked with national medication dispensing data using probabilistic record linkage. Patients with THR for osteoarthritis in a private hospital between 1999 and 2017 were included. Three groups were analysed: patients with primary procedures revised for infection, revised for non-infection reasons and those not revised. Rate of antibiotic dispensing/month was calculated as number of patients dispensed at least one antibiotic in a given month divided by number of patients at-risk.
There were 102,577 patients included in the non-revised group, 3,156 revised for non-infection and 520 revised for infection. Prior to primary THR, baseline antibiotic dispensing rate was 9-11%/month in all groups. Post-primary rates were similar (10-11%) for non-revised and revised non-infection patients but higher (16-17%) for revised-infection patients. In 1, 6 and 12 months preceding revision for infection, antibiotic use was 55%, 27% and 22%, respectively. For patients revised for non-infection, antibiotic use was 21%, 14%, 13%, respectively. One-month following revision for infection, 82% of patients were dispensed antibiotics, remaining high (38%) at 6-months and 28% at 12-months. In the revision non-infection group, antibiotic use was 48% first month post-surgery, reducing rapidly to 15% at 6-months.
Conclusion / Implications
Non-revision and revision non-infection patients had similar antibiotic dispensing before and after surgery. Revision infection patients however, maintained higher antibiotic dispensing post-primary, pre and post revision. This may reflect either ongoing infection, need for long-term suppressive therapy or reluctance of treating physicians to terminate treatment.
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