Is Participation in Out-of-School Programs Linked to Students’ Health, Educational and Social Outcomes?

Main Article Content

Jennifer Enns
Marni Brownell
Alan Katz
Nathan Nickel
Yao Nie

Abstract

Introduction
Out-of-school programs for grade K-12 students support healthy behaviours, boost academic achievement, and strengthen social networks. The Boys and Girls Clubs of Winnipeg (BGCW) have been active for 40+ years; however, little is known about how participating in their programs influences students’ short- and long-term health, educational and social outcomes.


Objectives and Approach
We are investigating the association between participation in BGCW out-of-school programs using the individual-level data held in the population-based Manitoba Population Research Data Repository at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP). Data on BGCW program participation for children born 1987-2010 was linked with administrative records from the healthcare system, education system, and social services. The comparison group of non-participants was matched on age, sex, 3-digit postal code and school division. Outcomes of interest include health services use, teen pregnancy, grade repetition, high school graduation, enrollment in post-secondary institutions, receipt of income assistance, and involvement with the justice system.


Results
We conducted analyses of children (K-8) attending the Community Schools Investigator (CSI) summer enrichment program, an academic and recreational program that aims to combat learning loss for children in low-income neighbourhoods. After one summer of CSI, participants (n=970) were significantly more likely to repeat a grade than the matched comparison group (n=783) (5.4% CSI students repeated a grade [95% CI 3.9, 6.8] vs 2.76% comparison students [95% CI 2.20, 3.32]). However, the likelihood of CSI students repeating a grade dropped to the level of the comparison group after two or more years of participation in CSI (2.91% CSI students repeated a grade [95% CI 1.26, 4.56]). Ongoing analyses are examining how participating in CSI and other BGCW programs is linked to health and social outcomes.


Conclusion/Implications
Our findings suggest that engagement in a BGCW out-of-school summer program contributes to better educational outcomes for low-income students. Using the information-rich Data Repository at MCHP, we can examine additional outcomes across multiple sectors to demonstrate how out-of-school programs help young people achieve their full developmental potential.

Introduction

Out-of-school programs for grade K-12 students support healthy behaviours, boost academic achievement, and strengthen social networks. The Boys and Girls Clubs of Winnipeg (BGCW) have been active for 40+ years; however, little is known about how participating in their programs influences students’ short- and long-term health, educational and social outcomes.

Objectives and Approach

We are investigating the association between participation in BGCW out-of-school programs using the individual-level data held in the population-based Manitoba Population Research Data Repository at the Manitoba Centre for Health Policy (MCHP). Data on BGCW program participation for children born 1987-2010 was linked with administrative records from the healthcare system, education system, and social services. The comparison group of non-participants was matched on age, sex, 3-digit postal code and school division. Outcomes of interest include health services use, teen pregnancy, grade repetition, high school graduation, enrollment in post-secondary institutions, receipt of income assistance, and involvement with the justice system.

Results

We conducted analyses of children (K-8) attending the Community Schools Investigator (CSI) summer enrichment program, an academic and recreational program that aims to combat learning loss for children in low-income neighbourhoods. After one summer of CSI, participants (n=970) were significantly more likely to repeat a grade than the matched comparison group (n=783) (5.4% CSI students repeated a grade [95% CI 3.9, 6.8] vs 2.76% comparison students [95% CI 2.20, 3.32]). However, the likelihood of CSI students repeating a grade dropped to the level of the comparison group after two or more years of participation in CSI (2.91% CSI students repeated a grade [95% CI 1.26, 4.56]). Ongoing analyses are examining how participating in CSI and other BGCW programs is linked to health and social outcomes.

Conclusion/Implications

Our findings suggest that engagement in a BGCW out-of-school summer program contributes to better educational outcomes for low-income students. Using the information-rich Data Repository at MCHP, we can examine additional outcomes across multiple sectors to demonstrate how out-of-school programs help young people achieve their full developmental potential.

Article Details

How to Cite
Enns, J., Brownell, M., Katz, A., Nickel, N. and Nie, Y. (2018) “Is Participation in Out-of-School Programs Linked to Students’ Health, Educational and Social Outcomes?”, International Journal of Population Data Science, 3(4). doi: 10.23889/ijpds.v3i4.707.

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