Indicators of adversity recorded in hospitalisation records of children aged less than 5 years or their mothers: a record linkage study of children born in England in 2011

Main Article Content

Toqir Mukhtar
Linda Wijlaars
Louise McGrath-Lone
Ruth Gilbert
Published online: Jun 14, 2018


Background
Early identification of child adversity (comprising abuse, neglect, social or material adversity) is essential to target early interventions to safeguard children, and support vulnerable families. We determined the prevalence of indicators of adversity recorded in diagnostic codes in child and/or maternal hospital admissions in England.


Data Source
All birth admissions recorded in the NHS in England in 2011, and subsequent admissions up to 5 years old, linked to maternal records from 1 year before to up to 5 years after delivery.


Methods
Prevalence of adversity indicators in child and/or maternal admission records that reflect adversity-related injury (ARI), or social or material adversity (SMA).


Results
Among 646,956 live born children, 2.6% (95% CI: 2.6 to 2.7) had at least one adversity indicator by <5 years (0.8% ARI, 2.6% SMA). Cumulative prevalence was 1.1% in children aged <6 months, 1.2% in children aged <1 year, 2.1% by <=2 years, and 2.6% up to 5 years old. Combined prevalence in maternal and/or child records will be presented.


Conclusion
To inform health policy, clinical and prognostic significance of adversity indicators requires evaluation through linkage to health and welfare outcomes.


Background

Early identification of child adversity (comprising abuse, neglect, social or material adversity) is essential to target early interventions to safeguard children, and support vulnerable families. We determined the prevalence of indicators of adversity recorded in diagnostic codes in child and/or maternal hospital admissions in England.

Data Source

All birth admissions recorded in the NHS in England in 2011, and subsequent admissions up to 5 years old, linked to maternal records from 1 year before to up to 5 years after delivery.

Methods

Prevalence of adversity indicators in child and/or maternal admission records that reflect adversity-related injury (ARI), or social or material adversity (SMA).

Results

Among 646,956 live born children, 2.6% (95% CI: 2.6 to 2.7) had at least one adversity indicator by <5 years (0.8% ARI, 2.6% SMA). Cumulative prevalence was 1.1% in children aged <6 months, 1.2% in children aged <1 year, 2.1% by <=2 years, and 2.6% up to 5 years old. Combined prevalence in maternal and/or child records will be presented.

Conclusion

To inform health policy, clinical and prognostic significance of adversity indicators requires evaluation through linkage to health and welfare outcomes.

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